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Brown or White Rice Which is Healthier Option for You

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By the way, brown rice is a better option for all those people, those who know about the benefits of brown rice. Yes, for those who do not know much about brown rice, the answer is obvious. But there are some factors to consider. Which we will analyze in detail in today’s post.

Which is Healthier Brown Rice or White Rice?

Brown Rice or White Rice? Generally, according to the benefits and healthy properties, brown rice can be a very good choice in view of today’s food habits. On the other hand, depending on some individual health factors, brown rice may always turn out to be the best option for some people.

About 20% of the world’s caloric intake is associated with ordinary rice grains. Which makes it one of the most important foods on earth. More than 3.5 billion people depend on simple rice as their daily diet. To meet this need of the common man, farmers around the world grow more than 100,000 different varieties of rice in the colors of the rainbow. White rice comes as the most accessible of the two. White rice is widely known for its shortest cooking time and also for its long shelf life. In addition, it blends very well with any other food part and enhances its taste.

What is the Difference Between Brown Rice and White Rice?

Whole grains such as rice can be divided into three main parts – the seed, the bran and the endosperm. Each ingredient is packed with different types of minerals, vitamins and proteins. Which provide you various types of nutritional value.

When only its outer covering (husk) is removed from paddy, the grain which is visible is called “Brown Rice”. Its color is brownish, because bran is left in it, whose color is brown. When the bran is also removed during processing, the rice obtained is completely white in colour, hence it is called “White Rice”.

Brown rice contains all three parts, making it a complete grain. Processing removes the seed and bran of white rice, leaving the starchy and least nutritious endosperm center. Manufacturers enrich white rice to replace what has been lost during processing.

The bran is removed from the paddy during the processing. When the entire bran is removed from the paddy, only the white colored seed remains. Which you get in the form of white rice.

brown rice

Benefits of Brown Rice.

Brown rice is the part that contains the nutrients that have the power to lower your cholesterol levels and reduce your risk of heart disease, stroke and diabetes. Brown rice is a healthier option than white rice due to some of its healthy compounds which are mentioned below:-(1)

  • Dietary Fibre.
  • Manganese.
  • Magnesium.
  • Niacin.
  • Phosphorus.
  • Vitamin B1 (thiamine) and B6 (pyridoxine).

It is also a complex carbohydrate. Which helps you to manage your cholesterol and lose weight. Brown rice will also keep you feeling full for longer. Which helps to control excessive consumption. 

A big adverse thing present in brown rice becomes harmful for health is arsenic which is a toxic chemical element. Brown rice has higher levels of this naturally occurring toxin. Which is also present in many foods. It’s not enough to cause harm in a normal diet. However, women who are pregnant can consume it only at a limited level.

Is White Rice Bad for You?

Short answer is no! At least as long as eaten in limited quantity. White rice serves as a good source of folic acid which is recommended to pregnant women to help with the prenatal development of their baby. It is also recommended for mothers who breastfeed. After processing, the levels of arsenic in white rice are not as high as those found in brown rice.

White rice might be even better. If you include at least one high fiber diet with it in your diet. But it’s hard not to criticize white rice either. Especially regarding the fact that it can increase your blood sugar levels. Some researchers even compare a serving of white rice to eating pure sugar.

Additionally, research suggests that white rice increases the risk of developing diabetes.(2)

While whole grain brown rice does not increase the level of diabetes at all. Now is the time to be creative with your food menu and include healthy items. If you can’t decide between brown rice and white rice, you can choose both of them.

The cooking time for brown rice and white rice are different. For example, brown rice requires more time to cook. For which you will need to make some different arrangements in your kitchen. It is important to know that there is not just one choice or simple choice between brown rice and white rice. Take advantage of diversity.

Nutritional Value of Brown and White Rice.

The nutrition information below is based on a serving size of 1/3 cup cooked rice. The nutrition details for White Rice are based on average nutrition information and for brown rice it is based on 1/3 cup of cooked long grain brown rice.

Proximate NutrientsBrown RiceWhite Rice
energy82 calories68 calories
total lipids (fats)0.65g0.15g
total dietary fiber1.1g0.2g
total sugar0.16g0.03g
calcium2 milligrams (mg)5 mg
iron0.37 mg0.63 mg
sodium3 mg1mg
total saturated fatty acids0.17g0.04g
total trans fatty acids0g0g
cholesterol0 mg0 mg

Here’s how rice affects diabetes. 72 in white rice GI So it can be quickly absorbed into your bloodstream. The GI of brown rice is 50. However, brown rice is slow to affect your blood sugar. Yet the higher fiber content present compared to other whole grains helps make it noticeable.

Bottom Line.

Brown rice is more richer in nutrients than white rice. It is richer in fiber, magnesium, antioxidants, vitamins, minerals and other nutrients. Generally, brown rice is generally more nutritious than white rice.

If you want to add rice to your diet but aren’t sure it’s right for you, talk to your dietitian. They can go over any potential effects on any existing health conditions and advise you on how to safely include it in your diet.

+2 Sources

Verywelfit has strict sourcing guidelines and relies on peer-reviewed studies, educational research institutes, and medical organizations. We avoid using tertiary references. You can learn more about how we ensure our content is accurate and up-to-date by reading our editorial policy.

  1. Phytochemical Profile of Brown Rice and Its Nutrigenomic Implications;
  2. White rice consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes: meta-analysis and systematic review;,diabetes%20in%20the%20overall%20population.
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